MIT logoBrief Bio

A Ph.D. and faculty member from MIT, Paul Wang (王 士 弘) became a Computer Science professor (Kent State University) in 1981, and served as a Director at the Institute for Computational Mathematics at Kent from 1986 to 2011. He retired in 2012 and is now professor emeritus at Kent State University.

Paul is a leading expert in Symbolic and Algebraic Computation (SAC). He has conducted over forty research projects funded by government and industry, authored many well-regarded Computer Science textbooks, most also translated into foreign languages, and released many software tools. He received the Ohio Governor's Award for University Faculty Entrepreneurship (2001). Paul supervised 14 Ph.D. and over 26 Master-degree students.

Paul's main research interests include Symbolic and Algebraic Computation (SAC), polynomial factoring and GCD algorithms, automatic code generation, Internet Accessible Mathematical Computation (IAMC), enabling technologies for and classroom delivery of Web-based Mathematics Education (WME), as well as parallel and distributed SAC. Paul has made significant contributions to many parts of the MAXIMA computer algebra system. See these online demos for an experience with MAXIMA.

Paul continues to work jointly with others nationally and internationally in computer science teaching and research, write textbooks, IT consult as, and manage his Web development company Webtong Inc.

Recent Activities

AroundKent Magazine articles:
Computational Thinking—An Overview, Vol 13, March 2017
Everyday Computational Thinking—It Can Save Lives, Vol 13, June 2017
Cyber Security—How Not to Be A Fish, Vol 13, September 2017 (to appear)

Korean translation of From Computing to Computational Thinking 컴퓨팅 사고력과 소프트웨어의 이해 02/22/2017

Chinese college textbook 大学计算机教程——从计算到计算思维 (with Professor 李 廉, HFUT), 高等教育出版社, Beijing China (published September 2016)

Less Recent Activities

Summer Special Short Course on Dynamic Web Programming and HTML5, HFUT, Hefei, China, July 7 to 22, 2015.

Invited Keynote speech, 計算思維的重要性和推廣, 第四届计算思维和大学计算机课程教学改革研讨会, Dalian, China, July 29, 2015. See these pictures.

College textbook From Computing to Computational Thinking CRC Press, October, 2015.

Launching the COMPUTIZE.ORG site for learning computational thinking. Spring 2015

Launching the Five Things Nobody Can Do for You learning philosophy site, Sept. 11, 2013

Research academic tour in China August 13--29, 2012: Beijing, LanZhou University, and HFUT. See these pictures.

Kent State University logoResearch

Sofpower logoConsulting

Paul has been in the IT consulting business since he established in the early 1980s. Services include on-site custom training courses, website planning and development, project review, and technical management support.

Sofpower clients include:

  • B.F. Goodrich R&D Center, Cleveland, OH
  • BP (America) Research, Warrensville, OH
  • General Motors Research Labs, Detroit, MI
  • Goodyear Tire and Rubber, Akron, OH
  • Hewlett-Packard Research Labs, Palo Alto, CA
  • Institute for Information Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Republic of China.
  • Lockheed Martin Tactical Defense Systems, Akron, OH
  • NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH
  • Picker International, Cleveland, OH
  • Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA
  • UNDP--United Nations Development Program
  • Westfield Companies, Westfield Center, OH

Paul welcomes your IT consulting inquiries. Simply email logo Web Development

Paul is president of, a Web Design and Development company established in 2001 (Ohio Governor's Award for University Faculty Entrepreneurship, 2001). Paul brings great technical expertise as well as knowledge of practical applications to Web development.

He has taught Web design and programming for more than 10 years and has published two textbooks on the subject. The Web development team at has great experience in designing and building highly functional and attractive websites that actually help small businesses grow and prosper.

If you need help with starting or updating your website, please don't hesitate to contact Paul at

My Wiki

王士弘 (Paul S. Wang) 是計算機科學家, 台灣中興大學應用數學系學士, 美國麻省理工學院(MIT)計算機博士, 和美國肯特州立大學計算機科學正教授。 2012年退休為名譽教授。

  1. 背景
  2. 科研
  3. 著作
  4. 跨學科合作
  5. 創業
  6. 參考文獻
  7. 鏈接


王士弘出生於西安(父:王超凡, 母:張蓓),幼年隨同他的家人到台灣,1956台北女師附小畢業, 1962台北師大附中畢業, 1966台中中興大學應用數學系畢業, 1967年獲得麻省理工學院(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)研究生獎學金而移民到美國。

在 Joel Moses 的指導下,王士弘在1971年獲得了MIT計算機博士學位。博士論文題目是 Evaluation of Definite Integrals by Symbolic Manipulation (由符號運算計算定積分) [1]。 這項工作對複變函數公式化簡, 極限值, 和定積分的計算 產生了突破性的啟發式算法, 並以LISP語言編碼實現在 麻省理工學院計算機科學實驗室 (Laboratory for Computer Science) 的MACSYMA符號數學計算系統內。


任教於麻省理工學院期間(1974-1977),王士弘繼續制定顯著的新算法,並添加MACSYMA功能 ,尤其是單變量和多變量多項式最大公約式(GCD)和因式分解的算法 [2]。

In many respects I view this algorithm for factorization to be Macsyma’s greatest algorithmic achievement. (在許多方面,我認為這個因式分解算法為MACSYMA最大的算法成就。) ——Joel Moses,My Memoirs [3]

該多項式算法是快速,高效, 實用的算法。可以在網上訪問這些算法--那是 數學計算互動演示 的一部分。那互動演示是美國威斯康星大學 互聯網偵察員 選中的網址之一。在肯特 州立大學, 王士弘和他小組的工作 也導致在 開源軟件 MAXIMA 計算機代數係統 中的許多功能包括 多項式因式分解,多項式最大公約式, 和自動生成 F77,LaTeX, 及MathML代碼。

在1977年秋季,王士弘轉到肯特州立大學, 開始建立了當時肯特州立大學數學科學系內的計算機 (CS) 學科。 1981年他成為正教授, 和計算數學研究所主任(1986)。王士弘引導肯特 州立大學計算機學科成為一個獨立的新學系, 現大約有20名教授, 是俄亥俄州州立大學中四個CS博士項目之一。


除了許多學術研究文章之外, 王士弘還著作出版了許多廣受歡迎的計算機科學大學教材, 包括操作系統(UNIX 和 Linux),面向對象編程(OOP) (C++ 和 Java),網站開發 (Web Design and Programming) , 以及计算思維 (Computational Thinking)。

ACM 計算機評論 (ACM Computing Reviews) 說王士弘的 Dynamic Web Programming and HTML5 (動態網站編程和HTML5) [4]:

The scope of topics is broad, including Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and HTML5, cascading style sheets (CSS), the document object model (DOM), JavaScript, PHP programming, MySQL database support, Apache web hosting, Extensible Markup Language (XML), Ajax, scalable vector graphics (SVG) and MathML, and mobile device computing. This is an ambitious list of topics to cover in a little over 600 pages. Fortunately, it looks like the author succeeded in his goal. (主題的範圍很廣,包括超文本標記語言(HTML)和HTML5,層疊樣式表(CSS),文檔對像模型(DOM),JavaScript編程,PHP編程,MySQL數據庫支持,Apache網站託管,可擴展標記語言( XML),AJAX編程,可伸縮矢量圖形(SVG), 數學標記語言(MathML), 和移動平台網站設計。用略高於600的頁數, 這是一個雄心勃勃的主題範圍。幸運的是,看來筆者成功的達到了目標。) ——Anthony J. Duben,ACM Computing Reviews, CR141573 (1312-1049)

ACM 計算機評論 又說王士弘的 Mastering Linux [5]:

This authoritative and exceptionally well-constructed book has my highest recommendation. It will repay careful and recursive study. (我對這權威和極其結構良好的書有最高的推薦。它會報答細心和遞歸的研究。) ——George Hacken,ACM Computing Reviews, CR139350 (1203-0236)

中國高等教育出版社 出版了王士弘教材中文翻譯本, 包括: web設計與編程導論, 標準 C++ 與面向對象程序設計, 和 Java面向對象程序設計。台灣全華圖書股份有限公司出版了翻譯本 C++: 面向對象程式設計。

也有的書被翻譯成日文,西班牙文, 或希臘文出版。


王士弘喜歡跨學科合作。他與視覺傳達設計人員 (Visual communication designers) 溝通 網頁設計和編程[6], 並和幼兒園到12年級 K-12 數學教育工作者共同致力發展7年級的 基於Web的數學教育(WME)[7]。他領導的 WME 研究小組已經取得了數學互動展示學習, 和網 上數學教學的顯著貢獻。


王士弘的信息技術顧問業務起步於20世紀80年代初, 有許多著名的客戶包括聯合國開發計劃 署, 美國航空航天局, 固特異, HP帕洛阿爾托實驗室 (HP palo alto Labs), 和桑迪亞國家實驗室 (Sandia National Laboratories)。

2012年退休後,王士弘致力於管理他創立於2000年的 Webtong 公司(2001年俄亥俄州 州長 大學教授創業獎),计算思維教學研究,和志願工作。


  1. Wang, P.S. (1971). Evaluation of Definite Integrals by Symbolic Manipulation, MIT LCS Technical Report #092, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA, USA.
  2. Wang, P.S. (1978). An improved multivariate polynomial factoring algorithm, Journal of Math. Comp. 32, pp. 1215-1231.
  3. Moses, Joel (2007). My Life
  4. Wang, Paul S. (2012). Dynamic Web programming and HTML5, p. 664. Chapman and Hall/CRC, Florida USA. ISBN 1439871825.
  5. Wang, Paul S. (2010). Mastering Linux, p. 439. Chapman and Hall/CRC, Florida USA. ISBN 1439806861.
  6. Wang, Paul S. and Katila, Sanda (2003). An Introduction to Web Design and Programming, p. 592. Course Technology/Cengage Learning, Boston MA USA. ISBN 0534395287.
  7. Mikusa, M., Wang, P., Chiu, D., Lai, X., Zou, X. (2004). Web-based Mathematics Education Pilot Project, pp. 132-138. Proceedings of the 2004 Conference on Information Technology in Education (ITE'04), Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA USA.